Fresh off a bounce in the polls, Hillary Clinton is promising to revitalize Pennsylvania communities hurt by a downturn in the coal and steel industries. Jon Delano of KDKA-TV, part of CBS News, interviewed Clinton in Philadelphia on her policies for helping workers in these industries, and here is an extract: JD: Can we bring back coal jobs as Donald Trump says? Can we bring back steel jobs? HC: Well, we can certainly bring back steel jobs because once we really handle the unfair trade practices that have undercut our steel industry causing layoffs and plant closures, weâ€™re going to make it really clear to the rest of the world weâ€™re not sitting by and watching our steel industry go any further down.
In this article Hilary Clinton, the Democratic presidential candidate, brings up a very important question for both US employment policy as well as for US energy policy, that of clean coal. The United States sits on massive reserves of coal which, rather than being left to go to waste, could be gasified and thus turned into clean energy for power generation. During the Republican Party primaries, prior to Hilary Clinton´s recent statement, Oil Economy Focus reported that Donald Trump made it clear that his policy would be to revitalize the US coal industry, so it appears that the subject of clean coal could be well worth following.
The Wolfcamp shale in the Midland Basin portion of Texas' Permian Basin province contains an estimated mean of 20 billion barrels of oil, 16 trillion cubic feet of associated natural gas, and 1.6 billion barrels of natural gas liquids, according to an assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey. This estimate is for continuous (unconventional) oil, and consists of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources. The estimate of continuous oil in the Midland Basin Wolfcamp shale assessment is nearly three times larger than that of the 2013 USGS Bakken-Three Forks resource assessment, making this the largest estimated continuous oil accumulation that USGS has assessed in the United States to date. "The fact that this is the largest assessment of continuous oil we have ever done just goes to show that, even in areas that have produced billions of barrels of oil, there is still the potential to find billions more," said Walter Guidroz, program coordinator for the USGS Energy Resources Program. "Changes in technology and industry practices can have significant effects on what resources are technically recoverable, and that's why we continue to perform resource assessments throughout the United States and the world."
President Trump has issued an executive order to dismantle the Obama administration’s Clean Power Plan. The “Energy Independence” order lifts a moratorium on federal coal leasing, triggers a review of methane and hydraulic fracturing restrictions, and eliminates use of the Environmental Protection Agency’s “social cost of carbon” in policymaking. From a climate action perspective, there is widespread agreement that the order is bad news for U.S. emissions. Interestingly, 62 percent of Trump voters support taxing and/or regulating pollution causing global warming, and nearly three-quarters think the U.S. should use more renewable energy in future.
Algeria Algeria’s hydrocarbons basins hold two significant shale gas and shale oil formations: the Silurian Tannezuft Shale and the Devonian Frasnian Shale. The Energy Information Administration, Advanced Resources International, Inc (EIA-ARI) report World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment, June 2013, which analyses the Ghadames (Berkine) and Illizi Basins in eastern Algeria, the Timimoun, Ahnet and Mouydir Basins in centre of the country, and the Reggane and Tindouf Basins in the southwest, estimates that there are 3,419 trillion cubic feet of risked* shale gas in place with 707 trillion cubic feet as the risked, technically recoverable** shale gas resource. Six of these basins contain 121 billion barrels of risked shale oil and condensates in-place, with 5.7 billion barrels as the risked technically recoverable shale oil resource. Notes: *An adjustment to the total hydrocarbon in-place taking into account the current knowledge about the play, the quality of the data, and the current state of technology. **Calculated by applying a recovery factor to risked gas in-place. Varies between 15%-35% with most plays in the 20%-30% range. the country’s national petroleum company, Sonatrach (Société nationale de transport et de la commercialisation des hydrocarbures) has undertaken a comprehensive effort to define the size of its shale gas and shale oil reserves. Pilot wells are scheduled first for the Berkine (Ghadames) Basin, followed by test wells in Illizi, Timimoun, Ahmet and Mouydir basins. The international energy companies Statoil and Repsol have also undertaken geological and reservoir characterization studies of Algeria’s shales. Over the last year the country modified its hydrocarbons legislation to improve the investment climate in anticipation of a hydrocarbons licensing round in 2013. Sonatrach is expected to remain dominant in the sector, according to the report. Libya The EIA-ARI report considers three of the four major hydrocarbons basins in Libya: the Ghadames (Berkine) basin in the west of Libya, the Sirte basin in the centre, and the Murzuq basin in the southwest. The Kufra Basin in the southeast is not assessed quantitatively by the report. The first three of the basins mentioned contain 942 trillion cubic feet of risked shale gas in-place with 122 trillion cubic feet as the risked, technically recoverable shale gas resource. They also contain 613 billion barrels of risked shale oil and condensates in-place with 26.1 billion barrels as the risked, technically recoverable shale oil resource. Furthermore, according to ARI “(…) it is likely that future exploration will identify additional shale resources in other basins and formations.” In late 2012, the Chairman of Libya’s national oil company, National Oil Company (NOC), Nuri Berruien, announced that the company was examining options for the exploration of unconventional oil and gas resources, one option being to make an internal evaluation and then bring in international companies with expertise in unconventional exploration and development. Egypt Egypt has four basins in the Western Desert with shale oil and gas potential: Abu Gharadig, Alamein, Natrun, and Shoushan-Matruh. The largest horizon is the Khatatba Shale in the Middle Jurassic Khatatba Formation. ARI estimates that this Khatatba Shale contains around 535 trillion cubic feet of risked shale gas in-place with 100 trillion cubic feet of risked, technically recoverable shale gas resources. In terms of shale oil, ARI assesses that here there are about 114 billion barrels of risked shale oil in-place, with 4.6 billion barrels of risked, technically recoverable shale oil resources. South Africa