UN

Who is Ban Ki-moon

Who is Ban Ki-moon     The Secretary-General was born in the Republic of Korea on 13 June 1944. He received a bachelor's degree in international relations from Seoul National University in 1970. In 1985, he earned a master's degree in public administration from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. At the time of his election as Secretary-General, Mr. Ban was his country's Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade. His 37 years of service with the Ministry included postings in New Delhi, Washington D.C. and Vienna, and responsibility for a variety of portfolios, including Foreign Policy Adviser to the President, Chief National Security Adviser to the President, Deputy Minister for Policy Planning and Director-General of American Affairs. Mr. Ban’s ties to the United Nations date back to 1975, when he worked for the Foreign Ministry's United Nations Division. That work expanded over the years, with assignments that included service as Chairman of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization and Chef de Cabinet during the Republic of Korea's 2001-2002 presidency of the UN General Assembly. Mr. Ban has also been actively involved in issues relating to inter-Korean relations. The Secretary-General speaks English, French and Korean. He and his wife, Madam Yoo (Ban) Soon-taek, whom he met in high school in 1962, have one son, two daughters and three grandchildren. Since 2007, Mrs. Ban has devoted her attention to women’s and children’s health, including autism, the elimination of violence against women, and the campaign to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS. Ban Ki-moon is the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations. His priorities have been to mobilize world leaders around a set of new global challenges, from climate change and economic upheaval to pandemics and increasing pressures involving food, energy and water. He has sought to be a bridge-builder, to give voice to the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people, and to strengthen the Organization itself. "I grew up in war", the Secretary-General has said, "and saw the United Nations help my country to recover and rebuild. That experience was a big part of what led me to pursue a career in public service. As Secretary-General, I am determined to see this Organization deliver tangible, meaningful results that advance peace, development and human rights." Mostrar detalle

ID: 650 C: 5 I: 1714 F: 9.703
    

Leader Attributes

Qualities of a good political leader

Qualities of a good political leader     CEBU, Philippines – As the filing of certificates of candidacy for next year's national and local elections nears, the question of which candidates best fit public office is at the forefront of the public mind. Voters need to go beyond surface popularity and dig deeper to know if the individual candidates really have what it takes to render good public service. It's important to get to the truth behind the campaign hype. The website www.beliefnet.com acknowledges that, for many people, deciding which candidate to vote into office is simply a matter of party affiliation. In the Philippine experience, however, this is no longer totally true. The past several elections have resulted in quite a mixed victory from among the country's multi-party electoral system. It may be construed, therefore, that the main Filipino electorate cast their votes based on specific characteristics they look for in the candidates they choose. But what are these desirable characteristics? What are the qualities or characteristics that good political leaders should possess? The www.beliefnet.com website lists the top five characteristics of some of the world's most successful political leaders. These, for sure, can help voters in determining which candidates to vote into office. Good political attributes>

  • Honesty
  • Compassion
  • Integrity
  • Confidence
  • Flexibility
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ID: 406 C: 5 I: 2560 F: 9.673
    

Constitución

Artículo 233 constitucional.

Artículo 233 constitucional.     Capítulo II Del Poder Ejecutivo Nacional Sección primera: del Presidente o Presidenta de la República Artículo 233. Serán faltas absolutas del Presidente o Presidenta de la República: su muerte, su renuncia, o su destitución decretada por sentencia del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia; su incapacidad física o mental permanente certificada por una junta médica designada por el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia y con aprobación de la Asamblea Nacional; el abandono del cargo, declarado como tal por la Asamblea Nacional, así como la revocación popular de su mandato. Cuando se produzca la falta absoluta del Presidente electo o Presidenta electa antes de tomar posesión, se procederá a una nueva elección universal, directa y secreta dentro de los treinta días consecutivos siguientes. Mientras se elige y toma posesión el nuevo Presidente o la nueva Presidenta, se encargará de la Presidencia de la República el Presidente o Presidenta de la Asamblea Nacional. Si la falta absoluta del Presidente o la Presidenta de la República se produce durante los primeros cuatro años del período constitucional, se procederá a una nueva elección universal, directa y secreta dentro de los treinta días consecutivos siguientes. Mientras se elige y toma posesión el nuevo Presidente o la nueva Presidenta, se encargará de la Presidencia de la República el Vicepresidente Ejecutivo o la Vicepresidenta Ejecutiva. En los casos anteriores, el nuevo Presidente o Presidenta completará el período constitucional correspondiente. Si la falta absoluta se produce durante los últimos dos años del período constitucional, el Vicepresidente Ejecutivo o la Vicepresidenta Ejecutiva asumirá la Presidencia de la República hasta completar dicho período. Mostrar detalle

ID: 387 C: 5 I: 2550 F: 9.644
    

Successful woman

Who is Najat Vallaud-Belkacem?

Who is Najat Vallaud-Belkacem?     Once A Shepherd Girl In Morocco, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem Is Now France's Education Minister!
Everybody dreams of making it big in life but very few determined souls really act upon it. The story of Najat Vallaud-Belkacem is a testament to this, who overcame all the obstacles life laid at her feet and carved her own destiny. Once a shepherd girl of four - who tended goats and fetched water from the well - Najat moved to France with her family and faced the real world full of opportunities as well as struggles. The Moroccan girl who had no proficiency in French learnt the language by the end of her first year in college. Najat inherited hard work and resourcefulness from her father who laid strict rules for his daughters - no boys and no nightclubs till the age of 18. As a result, the girls completely surrendered themselves to studies. Mostrar detalle

ID: 399 C: 5 I: 2368 F: 9.640
    

Economía

Dar o quitar valor a una pieza monetaria no aparece en la lista de las atribuciones del presidente.

Dar o quitar valor a una pieza monetaria no aparece en la lista de las atribuciones del presidente.     Artículo 236. Son atribuciones y obligaciones del Presidente o Presidenta de la República: 1. Cumplir y hacer cumplir esta Constitución y la ley. 2. Dirigir la acción del Gobierno. 3. Nombrar y remover al Vicepresidente Ejecutivo o Vicepresidenta Ejecutiva; nombrar y remover los Ministros o Ministras. 4. Dirigir las relaciones exteriores de la República y celebrar y ratificar los tratados, convenios o acuerdos internacionales. 5. Dirigir la Fuerza Armada Nacional en su carácter de Comandante en Jefe, ejercer la suprema autoridad jerárquica de ella y fijar su contingente. 6. Ejercer el mando supremo de la Fuerza Armada Nacional, promover sus oficiales a partir del grado de coronel o coronela o capitán o capitana de navío, y nombrarlos o nombrarlas para los cargos que les son privativos. 7. Declarar los estados de excepción y decretar la restricción de garantías en los casos previstos en esta Constitución. 8. Dictar, previa autorización por una ley habilitante, decretos con fuerza de ley. 9. Convocar la Asamblea Nacional a sesiones extraordinarias. 10. Reglamentar total o parcialmente las leyes, sin alterar su espíritu, propósito y razón. 11. Administrar la Hacienda Pública Nacional. 12. Negociar los empréstitos nacionales. 13. Decretar créditos adicionales al Presupuesto, previa autorización de la Asamblea Nacional o de la Comisión Delegada. 14. Celebrar los contratos de interés nacional conforme a esta Constitución y a la ley. 15. Designar, previa autorización de la Asamblea Nacional o de la Comisión Delegada, al Procurador o Procuradora General de la República y a los jefes o jefas de las misiones diplomáticas permanentes. 16. Nombrar y remover a aquellos funcionarios o aquellas funcionarias cuya designación le atribuyen esta Constitución y la ley. 17. Dirigir a la Asamblea Nacional, personalmente o por intermedio del Vicepresidente Ejecutivo o Vicepresidenta Ejecutiva, informes o mensajes especiales. 18. Formular el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo y dirigir su ejecución previa aprobación de la Asamblea Nacional. 19. Conceder indultos. 20. Fijar el número, organización y competencia de los ministerios y otros organismos de la Administración Pública Nacional, así como también la organización y funcionamiento del Consejo de Ministros, dentro de los principios y lineamientos señalados por la correspondiente ley orgánica. 21. Disolver la Asamblea Nacional en el supuesto establecido en esta Constitución. 22. Convocar referendos en los casos previstos en esta Constitución. 23. Convocar y presidir el Consejo de Defensa de la Nación. 24. Las demás que le señalen esta Constitución y la ley. El Presidente o Presidenta de la República ejercerá en Consejo de Ministros las atribuciones señaladas en los numerales 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 18, 20, 21, 22 y las que le atribuya la ley para ser ejercidas en igual forma. Los actos del Presidente o Presidenta de la República, con excepción de los señalados en los ordinales 3 y 5, serán refrendados para su validez por el Vicepresidente Ejecutivo o Vicepresidenta Ejecutiva y el Ministro o Ministra o Ministros o Ministras respectivos. Mostrar detalle

ID: 715 C: 5 I: 1994 F: 9.638
    

Trump presidency

President-elect Trump speaks to a divided country on 60 Minutes

President-elect Trump speaks to a divided country on 60 Minutes     2016-Nov-13. What can we expect from a Trump presidency? 60 Minutes' Lesley Stahl finds some of his campaign issues were not meant to be taken literally, but as opening bids for negotiation.
The following script is from “The 45th President,” which aired on Nov. 13, 2016. Lesley Stahl is the correspondent. Rich Bonin and Ruth Streeter, producers. During what seemed an interminable campaign, a divided country found all kinds of ways to describe Donald Trump: visionary businessman, vulgar self-promoter, political neophyte. But after Tuesday, for all Americans, there’s only one description that counts: president-elect. Since the election, demonstrations against him have broken out in over a dozen cities across the country. And people on both sides are on edge. What we discovered in Mr. Trump’s first television interview as president-elect, was that some of his signature issues at the heart of his campaign were not meant to be taken literally, but as opening bids for negotiation. Tonight, you will also hear from his family about whether they’ll play roles in a Trump presidency. But we begin with President-elect Trump, whom we interviewed Friday in his penthouse home in the Trump Tower. Mostrar detalle

ID: 452 C: 5 I: 2226 F: 9.635
    

Justice

Why using AI in sentencing criminals might be a bad idea. @wef

Why using AI in sentencing criminals might be a bad idea. @wef     Artificial intelligence is already helping determine your future – whether it’s your Netflix viewing preferences, your suitability for a mortgage or your compatibility with a prospective employer. But can we agree, at least for now, that having an AI determine your guilt or innocence in a court of law is a step too far? Worryingly, it seems this may already be happening. When American Chief Justice John Roberts recently attended an event, he was asked whether he could forsee a day “when smart machines, driven with artificial intelligences, will assist with courtroom fact finding or, more controversially even, judicial decision making”. He responded: “It’s a day that’s here and it’s putting a significant strain on how the judiciary goes about doing things”. Roberts might have been referring to the recent case of Eric Loomis, who was sentenced to six years in prison at least in part by the recommendation of a private company’s secret proprietary software. Loomis, who has a criminal history and was sentenced for having fled the police in a stolen car, now asserts that his right to due process was violated as neither he nor his representatives were able to scrutinise or challenge the algorithm behind the recommendation. Mostrar detalle

ID: 810 C: 5 I: 2006 F: 9.626
    

Constitución

Artículo 333 constitucional.

Artículo 333 constitucional.     

Título VIII De la Protección de esta Constitución Capítulo I De la Garantía de esta Constitución

Artículo 333. ° Esta Constitución no perderá su vigencia si dejare de observarse por acto de fuerza o porque fuere derogada por cualquier otro medio distinto al previsto en ella. En tal eventualidad, todo ciudadano investido o ciudadana investida o no de autoridad, tendrá el deber de colaborar en el restablecimiento de su efectiva vigencia.

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ID: 386 C: 5 I: 2210 F: 9.579
    

Intellectualism

The Overwhelmingly Relatable Anti-Intellectual by Emma Saxby @CrowdhNews

The Overwhelmingly Relatable Anti-Intellectual by Emma Saxby @CrowdhNews     Recent articles have suggested that anti-intellectualism is on the rise, spurring fear that the “dumbing down” of America is occurring, especially with the results of the recent elections. It’s easy to see an increase in radically anti-intellectual ideologies as a worrying change in public opinion, when in reality it is a historical ideology that has always been popular, but is finally being exposed because of the age of communication. Anti-intellectualism is hatred and mistrust of intellectuals and intellectual pursuits. The ideology is often used to oppress dissent, as academics are the first threat to totalitarian power. It has shaped many wars, leaders, and social classes in the modern world. Appealing to the common-folk, it is often misconstrued as a way to fight societal and economic power imbalances. Since the dawn of civilized society access to education has been limited by status. Desire to work was the virtue that was to fill the void of discovery. From peasants, to military, to the new middle-class, anti- intellectualism is most commonly found in groups that are not allowed access to education. These ideas originate from government and elite-spread propaganda — hard work is success for those that we need to stay the “workers” in our society. Often these people are the majority of a population, those that would pose the greatest threat to the power structures. Mostrar detalle

ID: 631 C: 5 I: 2175 F: 9.571
    

Donald Trump @Potus 

Who is Donald Trump?

Who is Donald Trump?     Synopsis
Real estate developer Donald John Trump was born in 1946, in Queens, New York. In 1971, he became involved in large, profitable building projects in Manhattan. In 1980, he opened the Grand Hyatt, which made him the city's best-known developer. In 2004, Trump began starring in the hit NBC reality series The Apprentice, which also spawned the offshoot The Celebrity Apprentice. Trump turned his attention to politics, and in 2015 he announced his candidacy for president of the United States on the Republican ticket. After winning a majority of the primaries and caucuses, Trump became the official Republican candidate for president on July 19, 2016. That November, Trump was elected the 45th President of the United States when he defeated Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton.
Presidential Contender On June 16, 2015, Trump made his White House ambitions official when he announced his run for president on the Republican ticket for the 2016 elections, joining a crowded field of more than a dozen major candidates. "I am officially running for president of the United States," Trump said during his announcement at Trump Towers in New York City, "and we are going to make our country great again." He added with his signature bravado: "I will be the greatest jobs president that God ever created.” Upon Trump's announcement to run for president, his scathing, derogatory remarks about Mexicans and immigration caused NBC to sever business ties with him. “Due to the recent derogatory statements by Donald Trump regarding immigrants, NBCUniversal is ending its business relationship with Mr. Trump,” NBC responded in a statement. "To that end, the annual Miss USA and Miss Universe Pageants, which are part of a joint venture between NBC and Trump, will no longer air on NBC." Mostrar detalle

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